Common Lisp Package: FUNCTION-CACHE-TEST

A simple caching layer for functions

README:

function-cache

A common lisp library that provides extensible function result caching based on arguments (an expanded form of memoization).

Differences from fare-memoization

  • By default uses separate tables for each function
  • Supports other cache structures (eg: optimization for thunks, mru-heaps)
  • Supports optional caching for functions that are called in transient cache contexts (eg: http-context, web application session etc)
  • Supports timeouts to invalidate caches, and purging of expired cached results
  • A more robust cache clearing scheme, clear all caches, all caches in a package, or just a specific cache

API

DEFCACHED

Creates a cached function named SYMBOL and a cache object named `* -CACHE*` SYMBOL can also be a list (FN-NAME &rest cache-init-args &key CACHE-CLASS TABLE TIMEOUT SHARED-RESULTS?)

  • CACHE-CLASS - controls what cache class will be instantiated (uses default-cache-class if not provided)
  • TABLE - a shared cache-store to use, usually a hash-table, a function that returns a hashtable, or a symbol whose value is a hash-table
  • TIMEOUT - how long entries in the cache should be considered valid for, in seconds
  • SHARED-RESULTS? - do we expect that we are sharing cache space with other things defaults to t if TABLE is provided

`lisp (defcached symbol (lambda-list) ...) (defcached (symbol &key table cache-class timeout shared-results?) (lambda-list) ...) EG:

(defcached (foo :timeout 10) (arg0) (sleep 3) arg0) (foo 1) ;; waits 3s then returns 1 (foo 1) ;; returns 1 immediately (foo 0) ;; waits 3s then returns 0 (foo 0) ;; returns 0 immediately (foo 2) ;; waits 3s then returns 2 (foo 3) ;; waits 3s then returns 3 (foo 1) ;; has timedout, waits 3s then returns 1 `

function-cache, thunk-cache, hash-table-function-cache, single-cell-function-cache

The basic types of function-caches currently provided.

  • Function-cache - abstract class for all function-caches
  • thunk-cache - a cache specialized for storing the results of thunks
  • automatically chosen, for functions of 0 args
  • hash-table-function-cache
  • A hash-table backed function-cache, supports shared hash-tables, but defaults to a unique hash-table for each cache
  • Supports dynamically available caching (eg: web-request contexts), by setting cache-results to a function or symbol that will possibly return a hashtable. If either of these return nil, then caching is bypassed for that call
  • single-cell-function-cache
  • caches the single most recently used call

get-cached-value, (setf get-cached-value)

One of the main expansion points for new cache subclasses. These place and retrieve values from whatever backing store the cache is using

Returns (values results cached-at) and stores the results of executing the underlying function.

purge-cache, purge-all-caches

A function that will remove expired entries from the cache, allowing them to be garbage collected

clear-cache, clear-all-caches

A function that will remove all cached results from the cache

clear-cache-partial-arguments

This function will go through the cached-results removing keys that partially match the to-match list.

This is used to clear the cache of shared? caches, but is also useful in other cases, where we need to clear cache for some subset of the arguments (eg: a cached funcall might wish to clear the cache of a specific funcalled function).

Matches arguments for those provided. Anything not provided is considered function-cache:dont-care. Anything specified as function-cache:dont-care is not used to determine if there is a match

uses partial-argument-match? to determine if the key should be removed

partial-argument-match? Trys to see if the cache-key matches the to-match partial key passed in.

The basic implementation is to go through the cache-keys and match in order, skipping to-match component that is function-cache:dont-care

compute-cache-key, defcached-hashkey

Compute-cache-key, takes a cache and a list of arguments and turns those into a valid cache-key for the cache, by calling defcached-hashkey recursively through the argument tree.

Shared cache-backings will ensure the function name is the first token in this cache-key

cacher

Cacher is responsible for looking up memoized results in the cache, checking if they are expired/missing and running the body if so, caching and returning the result

*cache-names*

A list of all the special variables created by defcached. Used to ease clearing/purging all the caches, and for introspective purposes.

Authors

;; Copyright (c) 2013 Russ Tyndall , Acceleration.net http://www.acceleration.net ;; All rights reserved. ;; ;; Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without ;; modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions are ;; met: ;; ;; - Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright ;; notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer. ;; ;; - Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright ;; notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the ;; documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution. ;; ;; THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND CONTRIBUTORS ;; "AS IS" AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT ;; LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR ;; A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE COPYRIGHT ;; OWNER OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, ;; SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT ;; LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, ;; DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY ;; THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT ;; (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE ;; OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.

FUNCTION

Private

Undocumented

FN0 (A0)

FN1 (A &KEY B C)

GET-OPT-CACHE

OPT0-TEST (A &REST THEM)

OPT1-TEST (A &REST THEM)

PARTIAL-CLEARER (A B)

PURGE-TEST (&REST THEM)

RUN-ALL-TESTS (&OPTIONAL (USE-DEBUGGER T))

SHARED0-TEST (A &REST THEM)

SHARED1-TEST (A &REST THEM)

SINGLE-CELL-TESTER (A)

THUNK-TESTER

VARIABLE

Private

Undocumented

*FN0-CACHE*

*FN1-CACHE*

*HASH-TEST-COUNT*

*OPT-CACHE*

*OPT-COUNT*

*OPT0-COUNT*

*OPT0-TEST-CACHE*

*OPT1-COUNT*

*OPT1-TEST-CACHE*

*PARTIAL-CLEAR-COUNT*

*PARTIAL-CLEARER-CACHE*

*PURGE-COUNT*

*PURGE-TEST-CACHE*

*SHARED-CACHE*

*SHARED-COUNT*

*SHARED0-COUNT*

*SHARED0-TEST-CACHE*

*SHARED1-COUNT*

*SHARED1-TEST-CACHE*

*SINGLE-CELL-TEST-COUNT*

*SINGLE-CELL-TESTER-CACHE*

*THUNK-TEST-COUNT*

*THUNK-TESTER-CACHE*